Hijab refers mainly to covering the head, veil or modest religious traps worn by Muslim women. Hijab is an Arabic word that means a blanket or curtain. Currently, the term refers to a garment worn by women. The Quran used this word to refer to a separation curtain that provides privacy. The holy book ordered Muslims to address the wives of the Holy Prophet (SAW) behind a hijab, thus giving the curtain or divider status. The concept of hijab as a garment was developed later through fiqh and hadith. http://jumamubarak.com/
The Quran also used other words for the hijab like askhimar and jilbab. Muslim women should not reveal their beauty in public and should dress modestly. According to the Quran, they must “take their khimar out of their breasts” and stay covered. The concept of wearing the hijab, however, has evolved over time, and its importance, style and use varies according to cultural variations in different parts of the world. In some parts of the world, the hijab retains its religious significance, while in others, people have restricted the practice of wearing the hijab to certain selected situations. For example, the hijab is strictly mandatory for women in public in Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, in Turkey and France, it is prohibited in educational institutions.
Muslim women should wear loose dresses that completely cover their bodies so that they do not attract sexual attention. They should cover their heads with a scarf, khimar or shaylah. Many researchers differ in the amount of clothing required to meet the needs of the hijab. Some agree to cover all parts of the body, including the face, hands and feet, while others allow women to expose their faces and hands while keeping the rest of the body covered. Hijab laws are flexible for girls because in many areas they must be used at puberty.
There are different styles of hijab. The differences are mainly due to differences in region and culture. Muslim women in the subcontinent, India and Pakistan, use the burqa, a two-part veil consisting of a head and a dress. The burqa is mostly black, but women use other colors to satisfy their taste and style. The women of this region also wear Niqaab, a veil that covers the head and face and falls on the chest. Another type of hijab is Abaya, a top garment that covers women from head to toe and is usually made of black kaftan. Abaya used in the Persian Gulf region and the Middle East is often embroidered and dazzled. Bushiyya is another two piece women’s veil, a cap that is doing well and is made of cotton with a tube-shaped scarf. Bukhnuk is another veil that has the form of a raincoat, but only falls on the chest. Its edges are often embroidered to be beautiful. Afghan Burqa covers women from head to toe and has a grid in her face to help women look. The traditional Iranian hijab is Chador, a large semicircle of integral fabric to cover women from head to toe.
Like women, men are also encouraged to dress modestly and keep their heads covered. Muslim men cover their heads with scarves or turbans. Kuffiyya or Ghutra is one of those checked handkerchiefs. Taqiyah, a crocheted hat is also worn by many Arab men.
Modern trends have changed the orientation of many men and women towards Hijab. Men dress modestly and most of them refrain from covering their heads except for hours of prayer. Many women have adopted more modern ways to observe the hijab. Some do not wear traditional tunics, but only cover the head and face with a well printed shayla or handkerchief, others like to wear an embroidered Abaya and are beautifully designed for the traditional black tunic.